Choosing the best seeds for growing healthy cannabis plants is an art every grower must learn and master. Some growers have tried-and-test methods that they go by, while some are still on their trial-and-error phase of the journey.
Regardless of which phase you are in, it is an absolute necessity (generally) to know how to select the best seeds for growing a healthy, flourishing cannabis bud. The reason I say ‘generally’ is because as technology advances, cloning has become quite popular, especially among commercial growers.
How to Spot a Healthy Cannabis Seed
One thing to note is that not all seeds will grow into plants. The germination rate of the seeds critically depends on the quality of seeds and the seed bank from which you buy your seeds from. Seeds that have a soft, greenish hue shell and are small in size are typically not yet mature.
The healthy seeds have a greyish to a brown glossy appearance that does not have any cracks on them – this is a general rule of thumb to choose the best seeds for growing cannabis. Seeds that are nearing a darker color will be old and may not give the best bud yields.
Immature seeds will not germinate, while the older seeds that have been stored for a long time may not give you the best yield and will simply waste your time. Freshly matured seeds have a germination rate of over 88% and drop significantly to less than 25% as they become older.
Let’s start with this easy-to-understand masterclass to make you into a master cannabis seeds selector.
Best Seeds for Growing: Male vs Female
Seeds can either be male or female. If you are someone that wants to grow cannabis buds for medical or recreational purposes, you will only need to procure the seeds of the female variant as they are the ones that produce buds. Most seed banks sell a regular variant of seeds that have both male and female variants.
However, there are certain seed banks (which we love) that sell just the female variant, normally called the ‘feminized seeds‘. Of course, since the feminized seeds are the ones that flourish into cannabis buds, they cost a little more than the male variant. If growing cannabis buds is your primary objective, it is totally worth paying a little extra.
Best Seeds for Growing: Indica vs Sativa vs Hybrid
The strain of the cannabis plant decides what type of effect the consumer will have on his/her/their body. Indica, Sativa and Hybrid are the 3 strains available for various types of consumption. Sativa and Indica are the two primary strains that have very unique characteristics.
Sativa: This strain gives an exciting, creative and energetic feeling to the consumer. Sativa plants are tall and thin. Sativa cannabis seeds provide a better yield than the Indica strain and take a little longer to mature.
Effects – Increases sensitivity to light and sound, a buzz in your cerebral neural system, excitement and creativity.
Indica: This strain reduces anxiety, depression and inflammation among the consumers and usually leave them feeling a little tired. Indica plants are a little shorter than Sativa and produce fewer bush-shaped buds. If you are a newbie grower, note that Indica cannabis seeds also take lesser time to mature than Sativa.
Effects – deep relaxation, anti-inflammatory, pain relief.
Hybrid: For years, we had to choose between Indica cannabis seeds or Sativa cannabis seeds. With the hybridisation of cannabis seeds, people can grow cannabis with combined qualities of both strains into a single plant. However, Hybrid strains will always have one dominant strain (Indica or Sativa) while still giving the effects of the other strain.
Depending on the use you want to derive from your cannabis plant, you can choose cannabis seeds from either of the strains. You also need to take care of the THC/CBD concentrations in your strain.
While higher THC concentration will give you a high (also illegal in many places), a higher CBD concentration will give you the above effects without a high and is mostly used for making CBD products like CBD oils, creams and other cosmetic/medical products.
Best Seed Banks to Choose Cannabis Seeds from
Now that you know about the various types of cannabis seeds, their physical properties, strains, chemical properties and more, it is time to look at the places from where we should buy the best cannabis seeds.
Some of the things to look at before buying the best seeds for growing marijuana from a particular seed bank are:
- Strains availability at the seed bank.
- Availability of feminized seeds (that actually produce buds).
- Flavors/variety available (Kush, blackberry, Gelato, Blue Haze etc.)
- Germination percentage (number of seeds that will actually germinate).
- Yield percentage.
- Payment methods that are available.
- Delivery to your location in a secure, private way.
- Seed banks that procure from the best breeders.
Keeping the above criteria (that I personally employ for myself) in mind, I will quickly mention some of my favorites from where I have ordered at least 100 seeds of varying strains so far and counting.
There are a few best seed banks among a thousand that have a much better reputation than others, some of them are below for your convenience – however, note that no seeds bank can guarantee 100% germination.
I Love Growing Marijuana (ILGM): In-Depth Review (Most preferred)
There are a lot (and I mean a lot) of options to choose from when it comes to how to choose cannabis seeds from these options. So, do not get overwhelmed. If you think you are getting confused with choosing the best for you, do not hesitate to connect with me using the contact form, I usually reply within 48 hours!
One more thing to keep in mind is that going for the cheaper seeds can affect the yield of the plants, but also, the most expensive does not always mean the best. Go for the seeds that are most popular, are highly sold and bred.
The key thing is to just get started with a cannabis seed of the variety you are looking for and then try other varieties as you grow more and more plants.
Preserving the Seeds
Once you have made a purchase, it is important that you preserve your seeds carefully until you are just about ready to plant and germinate them.
Cannabis seeds should be stored in a dark, dry place at normal room temperature. Keep the seeds away from the sunlight, moisture or warmth as they may start germinating immaturely without soil and nutrients leading to a wasted seed.
Exposing the seeds to extreme hot or cold temperatures may damage the seeds permanently and can no longer be used. I just wrote an article on what to do if the grow room is too cold especially during harsh winters as the temperature will shock and kill the cannabis plants. Save the article in case it is still time for winter when you are reading this!
What do you think?
How to choose the best seeds for growing cannabis is a question I have been asked over a hundred times by my novice but curious cannabis enthusiasts.
I hope this in-depth article will help you become a master selector of marijuana seeds regardless of whether you are a commercial grower, medical usage grower, a hobby grower or just want to increase your knowledge base.
Again, if for any reason you feel like taking my help to choose marijuana seeds, I am just an email away to make the selection work for you, although with this article I feel you will barely need my help!
Frequently Asked Questions
You can choose either Sativa or Indica strain according to the use you desire – medical or recreational. On the other hand, if you want the benefit of both worlds, you can go for hybrid seeds with the dominant strain you want the most.
Of course, you can replant the seed to another pot or location even if they have germinated. However, be careful with the lifting process and transportation. Make sure the climatic conditions or the nutrients in the existing soil are similar to the original setting.
While there is no sure-shot way of identifying the sex of cannabis seed, you can check for the pollen on the seed from which the male seed impregnates the female seed. The best way is to directly buy feminised seeds from a reputed seed bank, as you are assured of getting the right seeds that bloom the buds.